It is important to understand the structure of a tooth to better care for your oral health. You only get one set of adult teeth; keeping them healthy will help ensure they last a lifetime.
The structure of the tooth can be broken into two main components: the exterior (enamel) of the tooth, and the interior (dentin, pulp and root).
Exterior of the Tooth
The dental crown is the visible, top part of the tooth that sits just above the gum line. The crown of the tooth has different shapes, depending on each tooth’s function.
The tooth is surrounded and protected by enamel, which is the hard, organized crystal structure, outermost layer. The enamel is used for biting, chewing and protects teeth from feeling extreme temperatures.
Interior of the Tooth
Inside the tooth, there are a few different components. The living tissue beneath the enamel of a tooth is called dentin, which is made up of tiny tubules that lead to the dental pulp of the tooth. The dental pulp is in the center of the tooth and houses the nerves, connective tissue and blood vessels.
The nerves inside teeth cannot feel pressure, hot or cold or carry any sense other than pain. This is one reason why an injured tooth is so very painful. Before an infection occurs, tooth pain is generally caused by fluids flowing in or out of the dentinal tubules. When the fluid is stopped from flowing in or out of dentin tubules, tooth sensitivity is generally reduced.
The bottom of the tooth, or the root, anchors the tooth to the jawbone with ligaments and provides the stability and strength needed to chew food. The structure of the root is primarily dentin with a thin outer layer called cementum. The cementum attaches to ligaments and fibrous connective tissue.
Why Pace Dental?
When it comes to dental health, there can sometimes be no symptoms of issues, even when there are underlying problems. In order to catch the problems early and prevent further complications, it is important to get regular dental checkups when they can provide you with methods to protect your enamel, dentin and other vital structures of your teeth.
At Pace Dental, we provide thorough examinations and address any concerns you may have, in a comfortable, pleasant atmosphere. To schedule your dental examination, contact us today.